An Outline of Everything You Need to Know About Roof Replacement and Repair
The roof is the most important part of the house. It protects your home, the structure and the people living under it. However, roofing replacement is a significant investment for many homeowners who would like a better roof to replace one that’s near the end of its lifespan or have a new one to enhance their home’s curb appeal.
The total cost of a new roof installation will vary depending on the type of roof you choose. The average cost of a new installation can range from $6,000 and $10,000. The cost may vary depending on where your premises are located. In a city like Denver, the average cost is $7,500 while in Austin the average cost for homeowners is $6,600.
There are other factors that can affect the total roof replacement cost:
- Roof Types: The size and pitch of the roof will determine costs. Roofs with a high pitch require more time, skill and resources to complete.
- Local Building Codes: Your local authority may have permits and building restrictions which have an impact on the cost of a new installation.
- Materials and Location: Acquiring the necessary materials required to complete the project in some cities is more expensive.
- Scope of Installation: Things like chimneys and skylights can complicate the installation process and make it more expensive.
- Water Damage: If the underlying structure of the house has been extensively affected by water damage, it will require more time, labor and resources to repair therefore it is likely to be more expensive.
Some roofs can be over $10,000. The materials, expertise, and time taken can necessitate the price which will ensure that your roof is robust and durable. This article will look in greater detail some of the factors that affect the price of different projects and roof types. You’ll need to get several quotes when you are looking for a new roof installation. Be careful of the lowest bids, sometimes roofing contractors can offer a low price and deliver less than desired results which could cost you in the future.
Roofing Replacement versus Repair
Before you go looking for a roofing contractor, you need to first think about the next step you should take. Roofing replacement is necessary but it is expensive. The average cost of replacing a roof is often ten times more costly than the average cost of repairs. Just because shingles are missing or the roof is leaking does not necessarily mean that you have to have a new installation.
So when should you replace your roof? The following are some of the situations that may prompt homeowners to have a new roof installed.
- Life Expectancy: If your roof has reached the end of its life, it is important to have it inspected by a qualified professional. Most roofs like the asphalt shingle have a life expectancy of about 20 years. Metal roofing, on the other hand, can last more than four decades. However, you need to remember that other factors such as regular maintenance, ventilation and the quality of previous repairs can have a considerable impact on the life expectancy of your roof.
- Moisture, Water Damage, and Leaking: If you had multiple extensive leaks it may be best to have your existing roof replaced. Also look for signs of moisture or water damage. Mold on the underlying structure is a sign of extensive damage that may need a new replacement.
- Natural Disaster: Tornadoes, hurricanes or a violent storm is enough to cause extensive damage and leaks.
- Curb Appeal: A new installation can contribute to the overall appearance of your home. There are many factors that can boost curb appeal, but the roof is one of the things that people see when they approach your house. You can recoup half of the investment you put into replacing your existing roof.
A new installation allows you to make the most of the benefits of getting a replacement. Some products incorporate the latest technology that makes your home more eco-friendly. Despite the high costs of getting a replacement, there are many long term benefits to installing a new roof. You can save money with a more efficient roof that cuts down the energy costs of heating and cooling the building. Think of the new roof as a long term investment of your home. Of course, you do not have to tear down your roof, there are instances where repairing damages and leaks is the more viable option:
- Leaks: If the leak is not extensive it can be stopped through a simple repair. You, therefore, need to ensure that the leak is not extensive. Check for signs of mold and warping timber the repair is often easy. However, if the roof has been leaking for some time it may have already caused considerable damage to the supporting structure and you’ll need to consult a roofing professional.
- Sagging Gutters: It is important to ensure that your gutters are in tip-top condition because they drain rainwater away from the roof and siding. You need to regularly clean up your gutters to prevent a buildup of debris consisting of leaves and dirt which is one of the main reasons for the sag. Heavy rainfall, snow and even ladders placed against it are the other common culprits. It is relatively easy to perform a gutter repair by replacing the section that has sagged.
- Fixing Soffits: Soffits are very prone to damage from damaged flashing, ice dams and leaks caused by damaged shingles. It is wise to remove any ice or water dams on your roof as quickly as possible to reduce the risk of damaging the soffits. If you notice any signs of pest infestation call an exterminator immediately.
- Repair Flashing: Around the structure on your roofs such as chimneys and skylights, the flashing is often susceptible to damage from heavy rainfall, storms, and ice dams.
Summary: Understanding Roofing Costs
It can be problematic to establish the exact cost of your roofing project or whether your contractor is giving you a fair quote. Many homeowners do not have an understanding of roof work. It is therefore important to have a basic understanding of what it entails before you start a new roof installation project.
You’ll need to first ensure that your roofer is giving you an estimate based on per square basis rather than compiling an invoice and throwing everything together. The quote from your roofing contractor should outline the cost of materials for every square of roofing. Here are some of the things you can expect to be outlined in the quote:
- Cost of materials and labor
- Cost for permits
- Cost of cleaning up after the completion of the project
- A timeline outlining the milestones such as commencement and completion of the project
- Warranties for materials and labor
You need to understand that this does not cover any unexpected issues your roofing contractor may encounter in the course of his project. There may be problems with your roofing structures which may be spotted after the commencement of the project. These issues can significantly increase the total cost of your roof replacement project. Often contractors will be in a position to give an accurate estimate after the visit the site and inspect the roof. The contractor can quote a $4,000 price for the project when you call them, but double the price on the final quote after noting additional issues after close inspection. Some of these issues are:
- You have more than one layer of shingles. The contractor may advise that one needs to be replaced.
- Flashing on the roof around chimneys and skylights may have been damaged by ice dams and storms and must be repaired
- Your roof has a steep slope and the initial estimate was based on a roof with a different pitch despite the fact that the total area is the same. Steep roofs require more time and expertise to complete successfully and therefore cost more.
Your roofer should give advice and notify you of any changes from the initial estimates. You should also apply due diligence when reviewing the quote to check for any anomalies before the commencement of the project.
Types of Shingles
Singles are without a doubt the most prevalent type of roofing in America. Although when you talk of shingles most people think of the common asphalt shingles which according to statistics used in 70% of American homes. There are many different types of shingles roof and they can be with a wide variety of materials like clay, slate, asphalt, wood or metal. In other words, unless you’re your roof consists of a single material that covers the building as is the case with a tin roof, then it can be called a shingle.
Choosing from the different types of shingles will depend on how much you are willing to spend on a new roof and its maintenance, your preferences, amongst other factors. Some homeowners choose impact resistant shingles for the following reasons:
- Improve the energy efficiency of your home
- Less prone to leaks
- Enhance your curb appeal
- Potential insurance savings
- Excellent performance against winds and storms
Here are other types of shingles and their pros and cons:
They are the most popular and come in a variety of style. They are typically made of fiberglass and asphalt granules. Most homeowners of for asphalt because they are inexpensive, lightweight and therefore easy to install. Even though in the past they were never recycled, new technology has made it cost effective to recycle.
One of the biggest disadvantages of asphalt shingles is that they are not suitable for places where there are extreme temperature fluctuations. The shingles will crack due to these fluctuations.
Average Cost: The average cost of a shingle can be between $100 and $150. The cost of an installation is between $700 and $3,700. Hiring professional roofers is between $1,700 and $8,400.
Metal roofing is probably the most durable of all roofing materials used today. They can last for more than 5 decades. They have the capability to protect the underlying structure and prevent issues related to leaks. They can be expensive but some homeowners prefer metal roofing for its durability and the fact that they won’t need a roofing replacement for a long period of time.
Average Cost: Metal roofing prices will depend on the type of materials used. Metal roof panels made of steel cost $5,000 and $,22,000. Aluminum is lightweight and easy to install and goes for between $11,900 to $24,000. Copper is another metallic roof option that can be aesthetically pleasing and a copper roofing will cost you somewhere between $25,000 to $40,000.
Some homeowners would rather stay away from wood shingles because they are quite prone to pest and insect infestation. They are also more susceptible to catching fires than other types of roofs materials. They are also more expensive than other types of shingles such as wood and asphalt.
One of the reasons why homeowners opt for this type of roof is for their aesthetic value. These roofs have a natural look and you can choose between cedar and redwood according to your preferences. They are also more environmentally friendly than most types of roofing. Their life expectancy is between 30 to 50 years.
Average Cost: Roofing made from natural shingles will cost you between $7,000 and $20,000 to install on your house. There are artificial panels made of rubber or plastic that are designed to look like a typical wood shake. Plastic and rubber provide significantly better protection against fire.
Home owners choose tile roofing for its unique appearance and durability. Tiles can last for more than 50 years and are amongst the strongest materials used for roofs. The tiles are relatively easy to replace but you will need to consult a professional because some houses may not have the capacity to support tiles.
Average Cost: The cost will depend on the materials you use. Ceramics are approximately 11,900 to install while concrete tiles which are durable and long lasting are between $8,000 and $21,000 to install.
Slate is another material that is as long lasting as metal. However, the slate is preferred because of its natural look. It is very durable and has a lifespan of about 50 years.
Average Cost: Slate can be expensive due to its weight which is responsible for its high installation costs. A home that is 2,000 square foot will set you back between $17,000 and $84,000 to install. If you do not have the budget for it, you could go for a synthetic slate. Recycled rubber and plastic will cost between $11,000 to $18,000 to install in a 2,000-square-foot house.
Roof Repairs and Costs
There are different types of roof repairs that you’ll typically have to do from time to time. Here is an outline of some of the common roof repair tasks.
Roof Flashing and Replacement
If you’ve had a storm or strong winds in your area recently that affected your roofing it is best to have the flashing checked as soon as possible. Roof flashing is one of the most common areas affected by ice dams and storms amongst other factors. They can crack or corrode and let water get to the underlayment where it can cause mold. The advisable thing to do is to ensure that the flashing is repaired as soon as possible to avoid costly repairs or a roof replacement in the near future.
There are several things you need to look for when inspecting flashing:
- Cracks: Cracks may develop due to stress from a storm or strong winds. Other parts of the flashing may be still intact but the cracks can still let in water.
- Rust: Rust is a sign that the metal has been exposed to moisture. The sealant will lose its ability to attach itself to the roof and will eventually cause shingles to loosen and eventually fall off.
- Excessive Sealant: This means that there was a problem in the past that was not adequately addressed. You need to have it checked as soon as possible to avoid costly problems down the line.
Average Cost: You can either buy flashing in the form of sheets for $5 per square-foot or buy pre-shaped flashing for between $10 and $20.
Maintaining your gutters is essential in ensuring that your roof remains in tip-top condition. They help to drain water away from the roof, walls, and foundation. They, therefore, protect the building from water damage. The biggest issue with gutters is sagging due to the accumulation of debris. Luckily it is generally inexpensive to repair sagging gutters. You can restore them using hangers that cost as little as $2. A 10-foot vinyl gutter is approximately $5 and a downspout pipe of the same size goes for less than $10. However, cleaning gutters is an essential maintenance task that can prevent damage to the roof and the foundation of your home.
Fascia and Soffits
Fascia: This is a decorative edge that protects the beams from the elements. It is susceptible to cracking and splintering. It needs to be repaired immediately to ensure that is providing the needed protection to the beams.
Because it is also a decorative edge it needs to be matched with the existing patterns. You will need someone who is skilled in woodwork to restore it properly. The woodworker will pin cedar borders onto the rafters. He will either use a 1x6 or 2x6 cedar boards.
Soffits: This is the underlying structure under a roof that facilitates the circulation of air through vents. They have the capacity to reduce temperatures by 30% and therefore help to reduce the cost of energy.
Soffits are inexpensive and are usually between $2 and $4. They can either be in the form of a series of panels or one continuous block. An individual block of soffit that measures 12 by 1 foot is $22. A series of the panel comes in packs of 50 and aluminum panels is approximately $200.
How Much Roofing Do You Need?
You’ll need to get accurate measurements from your roof. It is possible to take measurements from the ground but you are likely not to get an accurate figure of exactly how much roofing you need. You, however, need to be careful when taking measurements from your roof as falling hazards are quite common. Professional contractors are usually equipped with harnesses and other tools that can keep them safe while doing repairs or taking measurements.
- Gabbled Roof: This is the simplest to calculate because it consists of two sides sloping in opposite directions. If there are no structures and additional features the total area is simply the length multiplied by the width of each side.
- Hipped Roof: This type of roof is a little bit more complicated to calculate. The roof slopes down in different directions. It is much complex to calculate because they are no clearly defined square sections. You can start by defining the trapezoidal and the shorter triangular sides of the roof. Calculate the triangles using base x height/2 and the trapezoidal areas with the formula ((base 1 + base 2) / 2) x height. If you add the two areas together you can get a more accurate measurement of a hipped roof.
- Domed Roof: This type of roof is even more complicated to calculate than the other two. A spherical dome with a consistent base is 3.14 x (height2 + base2). If the dome does not have a consistent shape, you may need to consult a professional roofer who can perform more accurate measurements.
Your house may not necessarily need a roof replacement, you need to rule out repairs first. If your roof is nearing the end of its lifespan, or if the damage is extensive you may have to replace it. Consider getting a professional roofer to diagnose and fix the problem. You can avoid fall hazards and save money in the long-term.
Quality Roof Repair Is A Money Saver And Home Investment
Indianapolis roof repair is one of the best ways you can protect your home investment. Making sure that leaks are sealed as soon as they are noticed or the replacement of damaged shingles, such as those with hail damage, prevents a far larger and more expensive roof repair cost down the line. Not only that, full roof replacement can be delayed for many years just by having smaller spot repairs dealt with immediately.
Regardless of the style of your roof or its material, having it regularly maintained is important. Good roof repair and maintenance prevents leakage, can enhance energy savings, prevents minor issues from becoming major ones, saves money in the long run by preventing expensive roof repair cost down the road, and keeps your home's curb appeal and potential resale value in good shape.
So how can you tell when a roof repair is in order?
Signs You Need Roof Repair:
- Ceiling stains appear after a storm.
- You notice that there are shingles missing, cracked or curling
- Shingles are lifting away from their foundation, making them susceptible to wind storms, water damage or mold and moss growing underneath them
- Dark blotching appears on your roof
- The paint on the walls inside or on the exterior of the house shows blistering.
- You suspect damage after a wind or hail storm
Keep your home investment safe by regularly maintaining your. Doing so pay off in so many ways, not the least being your roof's prolonged lifespan, your peace of mind and avoiding premature, expensive complete roof replacement.
If you are unsure about signs of leaking, shingles that are missing, cracked, lifting or curling shingles, or concerned about signs of wood rot, Stay Dry Roofing will give you an honest assessment and free estimate for roof repair. More than that, as a family owned business in the Indianapolis area for over 30 years, we understand and respect your family's budget when it comes to roof repair cost.
We are a complete roof repair service company that does it all. Call us today at (317) 308-7773 or take advantage of our Contact Page. We offer FREE ESTIMATES all over the Indianapolis area and surrounding communities.
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